Ev charging stations

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Smart-phone apps for finding electric car charging station networks

charging-networks-header-image.jpg

These applications help you find charging stations for any charging station network.  While most automakers include charging station data in the embedded infotainment system, that may be stale or otherwise incomplete.  Likewise the charging station networks only show information about their charging stations, but not those belonging to competing networks.   While that's useful, we really want a complete list of all charging stations to give ourselves the broadest choice.  The following app's do so.

These app's are not affiliated with specific charging networks.  See our list of charging station networks for charging network smart phone app's.

How do you find the closest charging station of any type?  Use one of these apps, because they're not limited to specific charging networks.

How do you find the best charging station for your need, such as the closest fast charging station?  Some of these apps let you filter based on criteria like the fast charging protocol.

How do you know if a charging station is available, or working, before driving to the station?  This is a little tricky because the apps below often cannot access information about the current status.  Instead, charging station status is often only visible through the charging network's smart phone app.  However, some of these apps let users "check in" with status information like whether the station is working, which can alert others to broken stations.

How do you find a charging station once you've reached its vicinity?  Some of these apps let users upload pictures or other information.  If you're having trouble, look it up in the app to see if there's any advice.  You can pay it forward by uploading your own hard-won advice.

CarStations

carstations-icon175x175.jpegOffers a world-spanning map of charging station locations. However, going by the stations listed for my neighborhood their map is incomplete.

Users can leave information about the charging stations, and upload pictures.

Users can add information about charging stations.

See: http://carstations.com/

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.carstations.mobile.pro

iPhone/iPad: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/carstations/id461066178?mt=8

Charge&Pay for Mercedes-Benz

charge-pay.pngIn collaboration with several charging network operators, MBZ offers this app to help find and access charging stations. Currently it only covers Germany, but should add coverage of Great Britain and other areas of Europe shortly.

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.bosch.si.mercedes&hl=de

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/de/app/charge-pay-fur-mercedes-benz/id940512347?l=en&mt=8

Charging Stations in Norway

charging-stations-norway.pngAs implied by the name, this app lists charging stations in Norway. Electric cars are very popular there, thanks to great government incentives.

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.frankburmo.android.elbil.full

EV ChargeHub's EV & Tesla Charging Stations Map App

ev-tesla-charging-stations.pngLists charging station locations in USA and Canada for the Tesla Model S and the J1772-plug cars.

Users can leave information about the charging stations, and upload pictures.

Users can add information about charging stations.

Users can "share" their home charging station.

Users can chat with each other through the application.

Users can send an "unplug request" to ask whether it's okay to do so.

Users can make a list of favorite charging stations for easy access.

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.crosschasm.evchargerlocator

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/ev-tesla-charging-stations/id548640732?mt=8
Or: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/ev-charge-hub-electric-vehicle/id548640732?mt=8

Go Electric Stations

go-electric-icon175x175.pngThis app has a world-wide database of charging station information, and going by the stations listed in my neighborhood it's sort of up-to-date. They're missing a few, but have more up-to-date data than some of the other apps. They do offer the option of individuals listing their home charging station on the map.

Their app has the option of initiating and paying for the charging session directly from the app. However, that's only for network(s) where they've worked out a deal.

User can select charging stations by any type of charging port.

Users can add new charging stations to the map.

Users can take pictures of and leave comments about charging stations.

See: http://www.goelectricstations.com/

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.goelectricstations.nextcharge&hl=en

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/next-charge-electric-vehicle/id614946715?mt=8

EV Connect

The company sells charging stations, charging station network services, and offers an app that supposedly lists the stations in their network. However, the map doesn't show anything. Very curious. Not recommended at all.

See: http://www.evconnect.com/

LEMnet

lemnet-icon175x175.pngCharging station map for Europe.

See: http://lemnet.org/en/

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.incowia.lemnet&hl=en

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/en/app/lemnet/id820365520?mt=8&uo=4

Open Charge Map (Zero Carbon World / ZeroNet)

open-charge-map-icon175x175.pngThis is a global scale map of electric car charging stations. As of this writing they have info on 43152 charging stations across 28859 locations. However, looking at the information in my neighborhood they list one that is absolutely not there (the Coda of Silicon Valley dealership, that went out of business a couple years ago) and do not list a couple that are most definitely there (Stevens Creek Kia, that started selling EV's last fall).

The OCM team develops the OCM software as an open source project and is seeking donations and other support.

Users can add new charging stations through the application.

Users can add comments or pictures through the application.

See: http://openchargemap.org/

Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.webprofusion.openchargemap&hl=en

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/open-charge-map/id528951115

Windows Phone: http://www.windowsphone.com/en-us/store/app/open-charge-map/8ce2514e-7b93-4781-856d-e75ede44017a

Firefox OS: https://marketplace.firefox.com/app/openchargemap

PlugShare

plugshare-icon175x175.pngThis is the best charging station locator application available. They have collected the most complete tally of charging stations from all charging station networks, as well as individual PlugShare users. Their map coverage extends around the world.

The "Pay with Plugshare" feature lets you pay usage fees for charging stations where you're not a member, and PlugShare has a business relationship.

If you're having trouble with a specific charging station, maybe a fellow electric car owner has reported in PlugShare a recommended fix or has documented conversation with the charging station owner.

Users can leave comments or photo's about charging stations.

Users can add new charging station information.

Users can list/share their home charging station.

See: http://plugshare.com/

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.xatori.Plugshare

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/plugshare/id421788217?mt=8

PlugSurfing

plugsurfing-icon175x175.pngIn collaboration with several charging network operators in Germany and other parts of Europe, they offer a comprehensive charging station map. At most stations you can pay for sessions through the app, but for a few you must get a PlugSurfing keyfob.  It's not useful for people outside Europe.

If you want to be properly jealous, take a look at the Netherlands.

See: https://www.plugsurfing.com/

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.xitaso.plugsurfing

iPhone/iPad: https://itunes.apple.com/app/plugsurfing/id793188906

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Cheapest lowest cost electric car charging at home

Electric car or electric motorcycle owners get to have the adventure of arranging for charging their vehicle at home. The most convenient place to charge ones car is - at home. Gasoline car owners don't have this advantage, they have to go out of their way to find a gasoline station. Electric car or motorcycle owners have the luxury of a fully charged vehicle every day. But that luxury comes at a cost, procuring a charging station to use at home.

What we want to do is study the most cost effective way to set up charging at home.

But first let's get a question out of the way -- Gasoline car owners don't have to do this, why should we? Isn't it unfair that we have to shoulder this extra cost to own an electric car or motorcycle?

If you think about it, gasoline car owners do pay extra for their refueling station. They don't pay wholesale gasoline price, but the retail price. That price includes, among other things, an amortized cost of the gasoline station and its maintenance. Electric vehicle owners buying a home charging station pay all that up front, while gasoline car owners pay it a little bit at a time.

Electric Vehicle Home charging station

As we'll see, the cost for a home charging station runs anywhere from "free" to over $2000 depending on what you're looking for. As we'll see, the tradeoff is in features primarily charging speed versus cost.

While electric vehicles charge with electricity, we generally cannot use a regular power outlet. Instead the charging port is special purpose designed to recharge electric cars. I used to think this was a conspiracy, to keep us from using whatever available electricity. In truth it has to do with safety, since proper charging cords have interlocks preventing the vehicle from driving while it is charging. How many times do people accidentally drive off while refilling their gasoline tank? Electric car designers wanted to prevent drive-off accidents, and therefore designed in this interlock.

Generally speaking what's required is: a) a power outlet of sufficient power, b) associated circuit breaker, and c) an EVSE (Electric Vehicle Service Equipment)

Charging rate and refueling time

The faster the charging rate the more quickly your car refuels. Generally speaking at 120 volts 12 amps an electric car gains 4-5 miles range per hour of charging, at 240 volts 16 amps the rate increases to 11 miles range per hour of charging, and at 240 volts 32 amps the rate increases to 20-25 miles range per hour of charging.

What you need to understand is the charging rate you honestly need. The higher rate costs more money, but lets you recharge more quickly. Maybe your daily commute is under 10 miles and at 120 volts the car recharges in about 2 hours. Even if your daily commute is 50 miles, you can recharge that much overnight even at 120 volts.

In other words, most people do not need a higher speed charging station at home. But of course there will be times when it's needed, those days when you're taking extra trips around town and need a quicker recharge. Maybe spending some extra $$'s to get faster charging at home will be worthwhile?

Safety

Go to your favorite news search engine and type in "electrical fire". You'll be greeted with story after story of homes destroyed because someone had substandard wiring or otherwise overloaded some wiring, and caused a fire. We can do this with an electric car so therefore it's necessary to avoid that problem by charging safely.

It comes down to ensuring the wiring at every step is up to the job. This isn't a mystery, because electricians have worked this out through years of experience.

The rule is that for a "continuous load" -- electric vehicle charging counts as a continuous load -- the amps must be less than 80% of the rating on the equipment. In other words, an outlet rated for 20 amps can only be used for a 16 amp continuous load, and a 40 amp outlet supports a 32 amp continuous load.

A few years ago, before I learned about this, I had an electrician friend install a 20 amp 240 volt outlet, which I then used at 20 amps to recharge my car. I'm lucky, therefore, this did not cause a fire. I should have had a clue the day the extension cord short-circuited itself that perhaps this was running more amperage than allowed.

In Full guide for charging stations and extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles is more discussion of safety and wire sizes. When in doubt hire an electrician, and make sure the electrician explains the maximum safe charging rate through the circuit s/he installs.

Free electric car charging at home

I promised to talk about a "free" solution, so here goes.

Every electric car comes with a "line cord charger" that -- in the U.S. -- runs at 120 volts 12 amps. That's simple then, just use that charging cord and you can recharge at home.

CONSIDERATION: This gives 4-5 miles of range per hour of charging. Is this sufficient for your real needs.

CONSIDERATION: You'll need a power outlet near where your vehicle sits. That power outlet needs GFCI protection so the circuit trips in case there's a problem, in order to avoid a fire.

CONSIDERATION: The manufacturers all say do not use an extension cord with the charging station. With care you can ignore that recommendation, as long as you pay attention to safety. See Full guide for charging stations and extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles for discussion of extension cords for electric car charging.

240 volt 16 amp charging at home

This bumps the charging rate to about 3 kiloWatts and the range gained to 11 miles per hour of charging. Some electric cars are limited to 3 kiloWatts anyway, such as the Chevy Volt.

At 11 miles per hour versus 4-5 miles, your home charging will be that much more useful. An overnight charging session can completely refuel the 80-100 mile range electric cars, for example.

This will require an electrical circuit rated for 240 volts 20 amps, of course.

See Full guide for charging stations and extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles for available charging stations.

240 volts 24 amps charging at home

Leviton makes a light-weight compact inexpensive charging station supporting 24 amp charging. It's attractive not just for home charging, but for traveling into areas where no public charging stations exist.

At this charging rate you're gaining perhaps 18-20 miles range per hour of charging. This is more useful than the 16 amp charging, while costing less (maybe) than 32 amp charging. It will of course require a 30 amp circuit.

See Full guide for charging stations and extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles for available charging stations.

240 volts 32 amps charging at home

This matches the charging rate at most public charging stations, and the majority of electric cars max out at this charging rate. For the typical electric car, it gains 20-25 miles range per hour of charging. This may be overkill for home charging, it depends on your needs.

You will of course require a 40 amp circuit.

See Full guide for charging stations and extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles for available charging stations.

Higher power charging at home

Some electric cars support even higher charging rates, like 40 amps. Tesla Motors sells charging equipment supporting up to 80 amps charging. You may need to consult with the dealership for advice on charging stations.

Charging two cars at once

Once one electric vehicle gets into a household, they can easily talk themselves into getting a second or third or fourth EV. They're that addicting.

In theory charging stations can be designed to share power between two or more charging cords. Unfortunately such charging stations are rare, and I don't know of one meant for home use. Instead, supporting simultaneous charging of two or more vehicles means installing multiple charging stations, and dedicating an electric circuit to each.

V2G - Powering your house from your car

When the power goes out might it be tempting to use the electricity in your car to keep the fridge running? Some have done that and there is much research going into implementing this safely.

For now this is a matter of research, and it is still "years" before we'll see Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) become more than just a dream. When V2G does arrive for the masses it'll do more than just handle power outages.

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Electric Vehicle Charging Stations and Wiring (EVSE's, both portable and for home)

Electric vehicles are refueled from electricity, meaning those of us with decades of gasoline experience must learn a new way of refueling. Fortunately it's easy, but there are some questions you must learn the answers to. Where do you find electric car charging stations? How far can you go on a charge? How (or why) does it take so long to recharge an electric car? Can I charge the electric car more quickly? Where can I go with my electric car? How do I get an electric car charging station installed at home? What kind of charging station can I carry with me?

Electric vehicles go only as far as the battery pack allows, just as a gasoline car only goes as far as the gas tank allows. Run out of gasoline and you're stuck at the side of the road, right? The difference is that for gasoline it's usually possible to take the gas can out of the trunk, walk a few blocks, find a gas station, fill the gas can, return to your car, and get enough fuel to get you to a gas station. That's not possible with an electric car. But, it's common for an electric car driver to quickly learn where their car can go, what they can do with the car, and so forth. (read more on how driving range is estimated and how to decode the EPA ratings label)

Typically an EV owner recharges their car at home either plugging into a regular household outlet, or by installing a charging station that has a high power connection to the house electrical system. That limits you to traveling within a short distance from home, because you'll always have to return there to recharge the battery pack. Your driving area is easily extended with public charging stations or even random power outlets. With some cars it's possible, with fast charging, to travel long distance at a reasonable speed, because fast charging stations rapidly refill the battery pack. (read more on learning range confidence, rather than being trapped by range anxiety)

This gives three charging scenarios to implement in order to have the freedom to drive (almost) where-ever you want with an electric vehicle

  • Home charging - either from regular household outlet, or from high power outlet
  • Public charging - either at medium-speed (level 2) or high speed (DC fast charge)
  • Portable high power charger - plugging into any power outlet you find

Let's quickly take care of the last two first, then spend the bulk of this page on home charging.

Public charging - The first thing you need to know is charging station locations in your region. Thankfully there are many smart phone apps with that information. The second thing is membership in the necessary charging station networks. I've put together a list of charging station networks and smart phone apps for electric vehicle owners.

At a public level 2 charging station you'll gain about 25 miles of range per hour of charging. At a fast charging station you'll instead gain about 150 miles to 300 miles of range per hour of charging, depending on the charging technology being used.

Portable high power charging - The car makers supply a portable charging unit with the car designed for a 120 volt 12 amp charging rate. That works out to about 4 hours of range gained per hour of charging, which is pretty slow. While that charging speed works at home fairly well, you don't want to use that while traveling. A portable charging station is meant to help you recharge if you cannot find a regular charging station. What's needed is a portable charging station that runs at the same speed as non-portable charging stations - or 6 kiloWatts of power (or more). These do exist, and when fitted with a NEMA 14-50 plug, along with a set of power adapters, you can be gaining 20-25 miles of range per hour of charging. See: Full guide for using extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles

What we have now to discuss is charging at home. The considerations to ponder are

  • How fast to charge at home
  • If you live in apartment or condo - will the landlord/HOA allow you to charge at home
  • The process to legally install charging at home

How fast to charge your car at home? Level 1 or Level 2

Level 1 charging is the common household outlet, 120 volts 12 amps or so. It supplies about 4 hours of range per hour of charging, and overnight it will provide quite a bit of range. Level 2 charging is higher power, 240 volts at 16 or 32 amps (or more), and provides 12 miles range, or 20-25 miles range, per hour of charging depending on the power level. Some electric cars allow even higher powered charging.

Typically with level 2 charging a full recharge takes 3-4 hours.

Many people live fine on level 1 charging - their office might be a short distance, for example, or might allow charging at the office.

It's trivial to get set up with level 1 charging. Just drag an extension cord out the garage door - making sure it's a high power extension cord, and it's plugged into a good quality reliable power outlet. Every electric car is sold with a 120 volt charger which will work on normal power outlets. You just have to make sure the outlet you're using is reliable enough.

Read more on electric car charging rates, and what charging speed is needed at home or at work or elsewhere.

Apartment/Condo dwellers and electric car ownership

Whether apartment/condo dwellers can charge at home is tricky. Typically the parking spot is far from the apartment, making it impossible to drag an extension cord to the car. Doing so might create a tripping hazard, for example, and the landlord would rightfully get upset. Or you might see a power outlet in the parking area, but then you'd be "stealing" electricity from the landlord who might rightfully get upset.

It's possible to talk with these people and discuss the situation. Make sure to express the fact that electric car sales are increasing rapidly and they'll sooner or later begin to see more and more tenants asking for charging at home. But expect the landlord to be resistant to allowing you to charge at home.

If you do it guerrilla style - run the extension cord so it doesn't create a tripping hazard - use a heavy duty extension cord - ensure it has GFCI protection - don't just plug into the landlord's power outlet without permission. All those steps will show seriousity and sensibility, and if the landlord does discover your guerrilla charging setup they'll appreciate that you took measures to do so safely.

Installing electric car charging at home

Suppose you own your house or otherwise have permission to install a charging station, what do you do?

If it's someone else's property (you have permission) make sure to do it within the parameters they laid out.

The simplest and most ideal is to have a 240 volt 50 amp power outlet installed, perhaps with a weather proof cover. To match the power outlet, get a 240 volt 6 kiloWatt charging station, with a matching 240 volt plug. Get creative and figure out how to mount the charging station so you can easily unplug it and carry it along - say if you'll be taking a longer trip.

It's probably necessary to get a permit with the city, hire a licensed electrician, and have it inspected by the city, before you can plug in the charging station. Check with the city the process for this because some locale's make it unnecessarily complicated. The purpose of going with the 240 volt 50 amp power outlet is simplifying the process. It's almost certainly trivial to get one of those outlets installed. Electric car charging stations are out-of-the-ordinary and therefore the city inspectors might be leery.

Again, if you do the 240 volt 50 amp outlet - just get a 6 kiloWatt charging station, attach a matching plug, attach it to the wall, and you're done.

See Full guide for using extension cords to charge electric cars, electric motorcycles, electric bicycles for more information. That page lists a number of charging stations that can be plugged in at home, or are small enough to carry with you on travels. Many of the portablizable charging stations can run at the 6+ kiloWatt charging rate, meaning charging while on the road can be as fast as charging at home.

In some cases the requirements will be laid down that the charging station must be hardwired to the house wiring. You should try to avoid doing this, because having it connected to a power outlet allows you to unplug the charging station and take it on trips.

reikiman's picture

Electric vehicle charging standards

The following comes from a presentation at PlugIn 2010 - "The Near Future of Charging Panel AC vs. DC, slow vs. fast – the outlook for charging technologies". The presenters were all members of the SAE committees defining EV (automobile) charging standards.

SAE standards have defined six models of electric vehicle charging. Many have been thinking "Level 1" is regular US household outlets, "Level 2" is the EVSE equipment being deployed for cars, and that "Level 3" is the DC Fast Charge system. The panel presentation was meant to get us straight on what the SAE committee's have been discussing to organize the charging system.

DSCN3327-web.jpg

AC Charging DC Charging
AC Level 1 120 V AC Single phase; max 16 amps; max 1.9 kw DC Level 1 200-450 V DC; Current <= 80 amps; power <= 19.2 kw
AC Level 2 240 V AC Single phase; max 80 amps; max 19.2 kw DC Level 2 200-450 V DC; max 200 amps; max 90 kw
AC Level 3 Not defined yet but they might do so, might cover AC three phase DC Level 3 TBD, may cover 200-600 V DC; may cover up to 400 amps; may cover up to 240 kw

Essentially "Level 3" doesn't exist yet and the charging standard everybody has been thinking of as "Level 3" is really either "DC Level 1" or "DC Level 2".

There are unfortunately several kinds of connectors being used:

DSCN3328-web.jpg

The AC Level 1 connector we all use in our homes isn't shown. The top connector is the J1772 connector that all the automakers have agreed on. The bottom one is a proposal for DC Level 2 which combines the J1772 connector with a couple extra pins for DC charging.

The connectors defined for Europe are different from the ones defined in the US and Japan. The signals are all the same on the connectors, just the connector shapes are different. Also Japan has defined a DC Fast Charge system, CHAdeMO, which is popular in Japan but the SAE committee is apparently reluctant to adopt.

DSCN3329-web.jpg

IEC 62192-2 Type 1 is approximately the same as the J1772 connector. However IEC 62192-2 Type 2 is not.

The pinouts of some connectors under discussion are as follows.

DSCN3330-web.jpg

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A preview of a future parking controversy - are hybrid cars allowed to use electric car parking?

6cfa3aa2.jpgHere in California there are electric vehicle charging stations in some parking lots or garages. Primarily these were installed in the period 10+ years ago when the EV Mandate was still strong. Obviously EV success is more assured when there is recharging infrastructure. Part of the success of gas cars is the existing gasoline recharging infrastructure that lets gas car owners to conveniently drive anywhere. It's so ubiquitous and ingrained in everybody's thinking that they don't even consider the inconvenience it is to stop at a gas station or the times they run out of gas before finding a gas station or the network of businesses that exist to assist recharging gas cars who inconveniently ran out of gas before their operator found a gasoline recharging station.

In any case later this year there will be several electric vehicles come onto the market. Occurring in parallel with these vehicles are projects to build new EV recharging infrastructure. A US Dept of Energy program is building EV charging networks in 13 cities around the US. Nissan specifically chose cities for their initial rollout based on willingness to build EV charging infrastructure. etc. It's widely understood there is a chicken-and-egg situation where prospective EV owners are less likely to buy if there's no charging infrastructure, and prospective owners of charging infrastructure are less likely to build if there are no electric vehicles.

The experience from the EV Mandate era is something from which we can learn lessons, and the need for infrastructure is one of those lessons. One of the lessons is what EV owners have called being ICE'd out. "ICE" means "Internal Combustion Engine" and the ICE'd Out is what happens when an ICE car uses the parking reserved for EV's. The EV parking spots were usually installed at "the front", most places put them near the front of the store perhaps next to the handicap parking. The enforcement of EV parking rules has been spotty especially considering that very few electric vehicles exist and the EV parking usually goes unused. It seems that, often, the EV parking spots have gas cars parked in them. The ICE car in EV parking prevents an EV car from using that parking spot.

Would gas car owners appreciate it if a contingent of EV owners parked their cars to block all access to gasoline stations? No. But that's the effect of an EV owner being ICE'd Out. An ICE'd Out EV owner is being prevented from recharging their car just as if a gas car owner would be if their gasoline stations were blocked.

fdb38010.jpgI've been experiencing a strange form this at my workplace. At the office there are EV charging spots in the parking garage that were installed 10+ years ago. What's shown in these pictures is the EV parking, and a hybrid car that blatantly is parked in the EV charging. What appears to have happened is over 10 years of disuse some especially blatant hybrid car owners have decided that their hybrid car qualifies them to use EV parking. While I appreciate that hybrid car owners have taken some step to decrease their environmental impact, they just don't get it. Maybe they're under a delusion that EV parking is a perk rather than a necessity. EV charging in parking lots is almost as much a necessity as handicapped access is in parking lots. Electric car owners have to recharge their cars and, unlike gasoline recharging infrastructure, electric recharging infrastructure is in parking lots. Hybrid car owners cannot use the electric recharging facilities, unless they are plug-in hybrids.

This is easily predictable.. As electric cars start being sold later this year, and as EV charging networks are improved or built, there will be some confusion over who can park in them. It will be like the competition over handicapped parking where some uncaring nonhandicapped people use the spots reserved for the handicapped. There will be signs clearly marking EV parking, just as there are signs clearly marking handicapped parking. But some simply won't care, or won't understand, etc. A lot will depend on how many EV's are bought and how well used the EV parking is. Maybe. For example it's kinda sorta understandable if you squint your eyes right that unused EV or handicap parking rubs people the wrong way ("the best parking spots are never used.. WTF").

Background:

Electric Vehicle infrastructure issues demonstrated by Shocking Barack ride

Infrastructure considerations for gasoline, ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, hydrogen, and...

Planning for the coming wave of electric vehicles

Guide of available charging stations

I found this link on Google, and it's pretty much a complete list of charging stations available throughout
different states. You can either do a search by a color coded map or you can find charging stations lists by cities.
I am not sure how up-to-date this search engine is.

http://www.evchargernews.com/#regions

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