Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

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This page serves to analyse the Stock Battery Management System (BMS) of the Vectrix VX-1.

How does it work?

Could it be improved?

Will it get along with different batteries or additions to the stock system?

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The system is software controlled and it's behaviour depends on the software version installed in the scooter.

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There is no active balancing of cells apart from slow overcharging of the entire 102-cell string.

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Voltage monitoring occurs through this voltage divider:
Photobucket


Note: There is high voltage between V1, GND and V2 on the PCB of the rear battery temp sensor board / voltage divider board! The tab cables are not fused at the cell level and shorting across the soldered connections on the PCB could cause serious problems, even after disconnection of the main battery connector between the batteries!
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Two 12V impellers suck air through the batteries for cooling purposes. Whilst electrically the battery is a 102serial string, for airflow cooling purposes it is an 34-parallel, 3-serial setup. This causes problems because there is often a temperature gradient between the 3-s layers.

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Thermal monitoring occurs through 12 temperature sensors placed throughout the battery, one near the center of each module of cells. There are probably other temperature sensors elsewhere to monitor air temperature, motor controller temperature etc.

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Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

There is a possibility to "switch off" the BMS. Some Batteries even don´t have any Voltage monitors installed.

V-Monitor

This could be useful for conversions, but could be a problem as the system does not recognize uneven Parts of
the battery. A photo of an board without voltage-monitor will follow.

Greetings mitbike

Lethal voltages! Leave it to someone who knows how to deal with it!

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

mikemitbike wrote:

There is a possibility to "switch off" the BMS. Some Batteries even don´t have any Voltage monitors installed.

V-Monitor

This could be useful for conversions, but could be a problem as the system does not recognize uneven Parts of
the battery. A photo of an board without voltage-monitor will follow.

Greetings mitbike

Lethal voltages! Leave it to someone who knows how to deal with it!

Very interesting indeed!

Do I understand it correctly that the solder blob on SH1 is that "Short" which has been done along with attaching the cables at J8 ?

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

Just copying a relevant post from another thread into here, where it belongs:

(See: http://visforvoltage.org/forum/6462-bathot-during-riding-battery-fans-won039t-start-during-ride-why-not#comment-38458)

The below calculations of current draw through the voltage divider are important when longer-term storage is required. Some of this current drain will continue even if the blue mid-pack connector is opened and/or if the main fuse is blown (this affects the first 27 cells at the negative end of the battery).

Mik wrote:
Galago wrote:

Mik,
I dont know if anybody answered your question about the current draw thru
the divider network.... but according to the drawing (not taking into account the
load represented by the circuit downstream of V1SCL and V2SCLD - meaning that those
values are ignored for this calculation). The top network (labeled V1) is across the
lower half of the rear battery only (1/4 pack). Now assuming 1.5 volts per cell
(and there are 27 of them in the lower rear pack) the V1 network has a draw of
93 microamps. This leaves the V1SCL voltage in the neighborhood of 200 millivolts.
The bottom network (labeled V2) is across what is labeled as the front battery AND
the lower half of the rear battery. Here again assuming 1.5 volts per cell (there
are 75 cells in this equation - 3/4 pack) the draw for the V2 network is 260 microamps.
This leaves the V2SCLD output in the neighborhood of 570 millivolts.
Hope this helps - hows the BMS coming along??
MK

Thank you very much for that!

That means that the vast majority of the 7mA constant current draw from the battery is going through the motor controller somehow.

But at least the 7mA current draw does not cause imbalance, but the curent draw through the voltage divider does.

The 27 cells at the positive end of the string have no current draw, the 27 cells at the negative end have 260+93 microA = 0.353mA constant current drain.

0.353mA x 24hrs = 8.47mAh per day.

That makes 8.47 x 30 = 0.254Ah / month.

10% of the 30Ah (nominal) battery is 3Ah, and (without battery equalization) it would take almost 12 month to reach 10% imbalance between the first and the last 27 cells in the string.

That pales in comparison to the problems created by temperature gradients through the battery, but will be something to keep in mind for when the temperature problems are solved.
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Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

Hi,
you don´t need the voltage sensors. There are V´s without them on the road. Take a look at Stock BMS one of the last posts. I´ve seen temp.-boards
without the voltagesensors. All you have to to is to open a soldered contact on the board (disconected from battery and Scooter!)

Stock BMS Board 1of 2

In this case "SH1" was open and no wiring (V1,GND,V2) was soldered to the board. BUT: bevore soldering check the voltage on the disconnected
board, otherwhise the condesators may give you some "kick"

Foto of the other type will follow.

Greetings Mike

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

SH1 simply defines whether the PCB is for the front or back pack. It has nothing to do with the wires, other than they are both on the back PCB.

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

Hi, here is one board without voltage monitor.

BMS without V-mon

BMS without V-mon

So the text on the board is a little bit confusing. I´ve seen one battery pack without
the J8-v-mon wiring, but did not photograph both boards to check if on one board the
jumper was set or not

Greetings Mike

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

X Vectrix wrote:

SH1 simply defines whether the PCB is for the front or back pack. It has nothing to do with the wires, other than they are both on the back PCB.

And the front PCB temp sensor wires are white, the back ones are black.

The PCB shown by Mikemitbike without voltage divider cables is from the front battery. They never have voltage divider cables.

Photobucket

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

The resistors R14 and R8 are soldered 180deg compared to R15 and R11.

Circuit with resistors around other way

This has caused a error in the schematic

Circuit showing R14 as 2k not correct value of 10K

Please confirm that both resistor dividers are

R14 + R8 T R9 + R10
10K + 200 T 430K + 2K

R15 + R11 T R12 + R13
10K + 200 T 430K + 2K

Thanks

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

7circle wrote:

The resistors R14 and R8 are soldered 180deg compared to R15 and R11.

This has caused a error in the schematic

Please confirm that both resistor dividers are

R14 + R8 T R9 + R10
10K + 200 T 430K + 2K

R15 + R11 T R12 + R13
10K + 200 T 430K + 2K

Thanks

Thanks for spotting the error!

I have now amended the schematic in the first post.

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

Can seem to edit my post but it the schematic links/points to http://i281.photobucket.com/albums/kk217/Mr_Mik/Vectux/S-BMS/VectrixBatteryandMC41andVoltageDivi.jpg

So if this updates then my posts schematic will change too.

I was trying to understand current measurement in the Vectrix.
The only current measurement appears to be on the Main Controller Board with DC Hall sensing from the battery and out on TWO of the Motor phases.

Is there an overall schematic for the Vectrix showing the current sensing?

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

I edited the schematic so the error is clearly visible now. In case the image has been linked elsewhere it should also show up.

It would be very nice if we could work on schematics collaboratively. The ones I have clobbered together are obviously in need of thorough checking!

Re: Vectrix Stock BMS (Battery Management System)

hello
I am writing from Denmark, and hope you can help me, unfortunately my BMS (the one with the white wires from the front battery range, fired), you can tell where it is possible to buy a new one?
a Vectrix vx-1 vintage 2010.

sincerely,
Finn Mortensen

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